Forex contracts involve the right to buy or sell a certain amount of a foreign currency at a fixed price in U. It is extremely rare that individual traders actually see the foreign currency.Instead, they typically close out their buy or sell commitments and calculate net gains or losses based on price changes in that currency relative to the dollar over time.

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This report provides exchange rate information under Section 613 of Public Law 87-195 dated September 4, 1961 ( (b)) which gives the Secretary of the Treasury sole authority to establish the exchange rates for all foreign currencies or credits reported by all agencies of the government. The rates provided in this report are not meant to be used by the general public for conducting foreign currency conversion transactions.

The primary purpose is to ensure that foreign currency reports prepared by agencies are consistent with regularly published Treasury foreign currency reports regarding amounts stated in foreign currency units and U. This paper deals with application of quantitative soft computing prediction models into financial area as reliable and accurate prediction models can be very helpful in management decision-making process.

Forex markets are among the most active markets in the world in terms of dollar volume.

The participants include large banks, multinational corporations, governments, and speculators.

The forward exchange rate refers to an exchange rate that is quoted and traded today but for delivery and payment on a specific future date.

In some areas of Europe and in the retail market in the United Kingdom, EUR and GBP are reversed so that GBP is quoted as the fixed currency to the euro.

The home country is where a company is headquartered.

The firm is likely to be paid or have profits in a different currency and will want to exchange it for its home currency.

There are various ways to measure RER.[10] Thus the real exchange rate is the exchange rate times the relative prices of a market basket of goods in the two countries.