Close to the small town of Hancock, in western Maryland, about two-thirds of the way across the state, there are 1.83 miles (2.95 km) between its borders.

The Appalachian Mountains of western Maryland are home to Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests.

These give way to Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests near the West Virginia border.

Maryland was the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution, and played a pivotal role in the founding of Washington, D. states in terms of area, as well as one of the most densely populated, with around six million residents.

C., which was established on land donated by the state. As of 2009, Maryland had the highest median household income of any state, owing in large part to its close proximity to the nation's capital and a highly diversified economy spanning manufacturing, services, and biotechnology.

is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D. to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware to its east.

The state's largest city is Baltimore, and its capital is Annapolis.

Middle Atlantic coastal forests, typical of the southeastern Atlantic coastal plain, grow around Chesapeake Bay and on the Delmarva Peninsula.

Moving west, a mixture of Northeastern coastal forests and Southeastern mixed forests cover the central part of the state.

(The Commonwealth of Virginia gave land south of the Potomac, including the town of Alexandria, Virginia, however Virginia retroceded its portion in 1846).

The Chesapeake Bay nearly bisects the state and the counties east of the bay are known collectively as the Eastern Shore. The Patapsco River includes the famous Thomas Viaduct and is part of the Patapsco Valley State Park.

Portions of Maryland are included in various official and unofficial geographic regions.