Brighthelmstone was the town's official name until 1810, though.

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New housing estates were established in the acquired areas, including Moulsecoomb, Bevendean, Coldean and Whitehawk.

The major expansion of 1928 also incorporated the villages of Patcham, Ovingdean and Rottingdean, and much council housing was built in parts of Woodingdean after the Second World War.

The town's importance grew in the Middle Ages as the Old Town developed, but it languished in the early modern period, affected by foreign attacks, storms, a suffering economy and a declining population.

Brighton began to attract more visitors following improved road transport to London and becoming a boarding point for boats travelling to France.

Brighton continued to grow as a major centre of tourism following the arrival of the railways in 1841, becoming a popular destination for day-trippers from London.

Many of the major attractions were built in the Victorian era, including the Grand Hotel, the West Pier, and the Brighton Palace Pier.

The town was originally split in half by the Wellesbourne, a winterbourne which was culverted and buried in the 18th century.

Novelist William Makepeace Thackeray referred to "Doctor Brighton", calling the town "one of the best of Physicians".

He sent many patients to "take the cure" in the sea at Brighton, published a popular treatise Others were already visiting the town for recreational purposes before Russell became famous, and his actions coincided with other developments which made Brighton more attractive to visitors.

From the 1760s it was a boarding point for boats travelling to France; road transport to London was improved From 1780, development of the Georgian terraces had started, and the fishing village developed as the fashionable resort of Brighton.

Growth of the town was further encouraged by the patronage of the Prince Regent (later King George IV) after his first visit in 1783.