Latin, Greek and French have contributed many words to the English language.Latin and Ancient Greek roots are used in theology, biology, and medicine.

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Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became the dominant language, initially in Italy and subsequently throughout the Roman Empire.

Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages, such as Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, French, and Romanian.

Vulgar Latin began to diverge into distinct languages by the 9th century at the latest, when the earliest extant Romance writings begin to appear.

They were, throughout the period, confined to everyday speech, as Medieval Latin was used for writing.

A number of historical phases of the language have been recognised, each distinguished by subtle differences in vocabulary, usage, spelling, morphology, and syntax.

There are no hard and fast rules of classification; different scholars emphasise different features.The Vulgar Latin dialect that would later become Romanian diverged somewhat more from the other varieties, as it was largely cut off from the unifying influences in the western part of the Empire.One key marker of whether a given Romance feature was found in Vulgar Latin is to compare it with its parallel in Classical Latin.Latin is taught in primary, secondary and postsecondary educational institutions around the world.Latin is a highly inflected language, with three distinct genders, seven noun cases, four verb conjugations, four verb principal parts, six tenses, three persons, three moods, two voices, two aspects and two numbers.The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets, and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.