The vibrant greenery — sticks and stems included — will be macerated and put into steel vats, their essence drained with something like supercritical carbon dioxide. Originally — and still precariously — done underground in garages with butane, cannabis extraction has now been industrialized through several techniques.

According to several sources, a full pound of hash oil can be be purchased wholesale today in California’s consignment market for as low as $6,700 or $14 per gram.

That means the producer is already earning a healthy profit.

The deep scrutiny may also be a surprise to some of the out-of-state operators who have won Pennsylvania’s limited permits. It won’t be levied when a vet with PTSD hands over cash for a vape cartridge, but will instead be levied as a 5 percent excise tax between the grower/processor and dispensaries. Underground prices are even going down as quality increases.

Most medications, even over-the-counter drugs like codeine, are tax free.

Under Pennsylvania’s law, the newly permitted grower/processor operations must contract with an independent laboratory.

These will also be overseen by the Department of Health.

Favorable polling for medical marijuana is above 90% in Pennsylvania.

No one was asked what they thought of legalizing a limited hash-oil program.

Sometime next year, warehouses across Pennsylvania will have lush cannabis growing in orderly rows.

The flowers won’t be dried, cured and carefully trimmed.

Or maybe a single pre-filled vape-pen cartridge for -? The real trade secret is that while the cannabis industry has been keeping prices high on extract products, the wholesale production costs have been declining. That means the markup on some regulated medical cannabis products in Pennsylvania could make Martin Shkreli (the villain of Epi Pen price gouging) jealous.