[....] Suttie said they have found some material in the campsite that came from central Maine. - Human Occupation / South America - "The altiplano of Peru and Bolivia appears at first sight to be a very inhospitable land.

laws of relative dating geology-36

The first known permanent settlements appeared over 9,000 years ago and gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilisation,[22] dating back to 3300 BCE in western India.

It was followed by the Vedic period, which laid the foundations of Hinduism and other cultural aspects of early Indian society, and ended in the 500s BCE. - Agriculture & Farming - "The exact origins of agriculture remains unknown, but once chosen, farming developed a momentum of its own: there was no easy turning back, and the very success of the new lifestyle induced other fundamental changes.

Radiocarbon dates place the beginning of the occupation at ca. At the time, the site, now only five miles from the Gulf Coast near Tallahassee, was nearly 100 miles inland, and Florida's landscape resembled Africa's savannahs.

Within 100 years, however, rising water at the end of the last glaciation flooded the site, sealing it with deposits that contain shells of freshwater molluscs."8,000 B. - Ancient Ruins / India - "At Poompuhur, facing the Bay of Bengal, Indian divers found a horseshoe-shaped object, measuring 85 metres in length, in water more than 23 metres deep.

In this 7,000 year span, we see the first colonization of the altiplano, the settling of permanent villages, and the rise of chiefly societies that formed the basis of Tiwanaku, one of the high civilizations of the New World.

Dating of squash seeds from a cave in Oaxaca, Mexico, has confirmed that plant domestication in the Americas began some 10,000 years ago.

These cultural developments from the Archaic (ca.9,500- 4000 years ago) through the Formative Period (ca.

3200-2000 years ago) attest to a long period of economic and social intensification, a trend that is common throughout the world.

Animal husbandry made things worse, as domesticated animals began grazing grasslands down to the earth.

In places wehere the ground is bare - from overgrazing or from the common practice of leaving fields unplanted for part of the year - photosynthesis stops. Lal calculates that land use changes such as these have stripped 70 billion to 100 billion tons of carbon from the world's soils and pumped it into the earth's atmosphere, oceans, and lakes since the dawn of agriculture. - Geography Trivia / Ireland - "The shape and landscape of present-day Ireland—an island of 27,100 square miles [70,200 square kilometers]—were formed 10,000 years ago when Atlantic Ocean glaciers slowly began their retreat.

From around 550 BCE, many independent kingdoms and republics known as the Mahajanapadas were established across the country.[23] [....]" [Based on: - [T. - 12/15/08]*Trivia: "[....] At the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka humans lived throughout the Upper Paleolithic (10th to 8th millennia BC), revealing cave paintings dating to ca. The ensuing increase in food resources made possible a spectacular growth of human population between 80 B. It also required cooperative effort, particularly after the introduction of irrigation led to the establishment of settled organized societies, at first in villages and later in towns and cities, and the development of new technologies, social systems and ideologies." [Based on: Compact History Of The World, edited by Geoffrey Parker, copyright 2003, pp.