Cadbury is internationally headquartered in Uxbridge, West London, and operates in more than 50 countries worldwide.

It is famous for its Dairy Milk chocolate, the Creme Egg and Roses selection box, and many other confectionery products.

Cadbury, alongside Rowntree's and Fry, were the big three British confectionery manufacturers throughout much of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. With the development of the Birmingham West Suburban Railway along the path of the Worcester and Birmingham Canal, they acquired the Bournbrook estate, comprising 14.5 acres (5.9 ha) of countryside 5 miles (8.0 km) south of the outskirts of Birmingham.

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More than 2,000 of Cadbury's male employees joined the British Armed Forces, and to support the British war effort, Cadbury provided chocolate, books and clothing to the troops. It was operated by Cadbury between 19 to process locally collected milk and produce "chocolate crumb" which was transported to Cadbury's in Bournville. Cadbury soon expanded its product range with Flake (1920), Creme eggs (1923), Fruit and Nut (1928), and Crunchie (1929) (originally under the Fry's label).

By 1930 Cadbury had become the 24th-largest British manufacturing company as measured by estimated market value of capital.

Kraft, which issued a statement stating that the deal will create a "global confectionery leader", had to borrow £7 billion (US$11.5bn) in order to finance the takeover.

The Hershey Company, based in Pennsylvania, manufactures and distributes Cadbury-branded chocolate (but not its other confectionery) in the United States and has been reported to share Cadbury's "ethos".

In 1893, George Cadbury bought 120 acres (49 ha) of land close to the works and planned, at his own expense, a model village which would 'alleviate the evils of modern more cramped living conditions'.

By 1900 the estate included 314 cottages and houses set on 330 acres (130 ha) of land.

During World War II, parts of the Bournville factory were turned over to war work, producing milling machines and seats for fighter aircraft. As chocolate was regarded as an essential food, it was placed under government supervision for the entire war.

The wartime rationing of chocolate ended in 1950, and normal production resumed.

Cadbury developed the business with his brother Benjamin, followed by his sons Richard and George.