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However, summers are cooler than those in Continental Europe. The earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward.
Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s.
This subsided following a political agreement in 1998.
However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain.
In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century.
How and when the island of Ireland became Celtic has been debated for close to a century, with the migrations of the Celts being one of the more enduring themes of archaeological and linguistic studies.
Today, there is more than one school of thought on how this occurred in Ireland.This contrasts with the traditional view that their origin lies in mainland Europe with the Hallstatt culture.During the Iron Age, a Celtic language and culture emerged in Ireland.With the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom.A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom.is that the Celtic language, Ogham script and culture were brought to Ireland by waves of invading or migrating Celts from mainland Europe.