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In the later stages of the Sepik trip, Mead and Fortune encountered British anthropologist Gregory Bateson, who was studying the Iatmul people.
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In these notes, she is considering how to account for the perspective of the ethnographic observer when assessing the results of field studies.
Mead and Fortune arrived in Arapesh in December 1931.
What part of one's personality comes from his or her culture and what part from the individual's psychological makeup?
Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict were two of the most prominent anthropologists associated with an approach in culture and personality studies that conceives of culture as a set of patterns similar to the organization of an individual personality.
All four shared an interest in combining psychology with the study of socio-cultural factors.
Culture and Personality Studies is a school of psychological anthropology that focuses on the interaction of culture and individual personality.
The people had no name for themselves, so Mead and Fortune called them "Arapesh," after the word for "person" in the local language.
Mead's ankle was too weak for her to hike through the mountains, so she had to be carried to the mountaintop village of Alitoa, she wrote, "strapped like a pig to a carrying pole." The couple was stranded there when the people carrying their belongings would go no further.
Mead reported that both Arapesh and Mundugumor mothers carried their babies suspended from their foreheads.
While Arapesh generally women used net bags, which simulated the experience of the womb, Mead reported that the Mundugumor carried their babies in rough-plaited, rigid baskets.
This July 1933 photo shows [left to right] anthropologist Gregory Bateson with Margaret Mead and Reo Fortune, all of whom had just arrived in Sydney, Australia, from their New Guinea fieldwork.