This original Lyceum is remembered as the location of the peripatetic school of Aristotle.Until 1969, the Liceo Classico was the only secondary education track that allowed a student access to any kind of Italian university, while other secondary education tracks allowed only a restricted access path; nowadays it carries the reputation of being a highly formative school, one of the few European secondary school types where the study of ancient languages and their literature are compulsory.They enroll students after completing 4th or 6th grade (depending on the "Bundesland", i.e., state) and prepare them for college.

Prep schools can be day schools, boarding schools, or both, and may be co-educational or single-sex.

Currently day schools are more common than boarding, and since the 1970s co-educational schools are more common than single-sex.

A university-preparatory school or college-preparatory school (shortened to preparatory school, prep school, or college prep) is a type of secondary school.

The term can refer to public, private independent or parochial schools primarily designed to prepare students for higher education.

The later meaning of intellectual education persisted in German and other languages, whereas in English, the older meaning of physical education was retained.

The German Gymnasien are selective and competitive schools.

Every child will be able to enter the lottery, no matter how he or she performed in primary school.

It is hoped that this policy will increase the number of lower and working class students attending a Gymnasium.

A Gymnasium (plural: Gymnasien) is a particular type of school in Germany and other countries in Europe, with the goal to prepare its pupils to enter a university.