Bangladesh is one of the largest contributors to United Nations peacekeeping forces.The etymology of Bangladesh (Country of Bengal) can be traced to the early 20th century, when Bengali patriotic songs, such as Namo Namo Namo Bangladesh Momo by Kazi Nazrul Islam and Aaji Bangladesher Hridoy by Rabindranath Tagore, used the term.

Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port.

Bangladesh forms the largest and easternmost part of the Bengal region.

The country has 700 rivers and 8,046 km (5,000 miles) of inland waterways.

Highlands with evergreen forests are found in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. The longest unbroken sea beach, Cox's Bazar Beach is located here.

After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established.

A presidential government was in place between 19, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy.

The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country.

Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth.

Listed as one of the Next Eleven, its economy ranks 46th in terms of nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and 29th in terms of purchasing power parity (PPP).